How to Join Two Pieces of Wood with Screws Best & Easy Method: 2022

In woodworking, the joining of wood lumber or plywood is a common job. There are dozens of methods for joining wood. Do you want to know how to join two pieces of wood with screws or without screws? This place can be a great source for your woodworking journey. In this stage, you need some basic knowledge about edge joining boards and how to join two pieces of wood at right angles. Without the knowledge of the board setting, this task will be tough for you. Stay with us, today we will guide you on this topic.

How to Join Two Pieces of Wood with Screws
Joining Wooden Ply-boards with Screws

As woodworkers or carpenters, you have lots of options to join wooden boards together by using mechanical methods or without.  In woodworking projects, we often need a larger plane. The best way of getting a larger plane is by joining small boards side by side (lengthwise). Arrange all the boards with visual satisfaction and glue them by using the clamp.

In the case of hardwood, we sometimes use pocket screws for better reinforcement. On the other hand, if you need a simple butt joint or corner joint, the glue isn’t enough to give the required strength you want. Besides you can drill pocket holes, insert dowels (Small Pieces of Wood), splines or nails, dovetails, and many other options to make a strong butt or corner joint.

The traditional carpenters used nails, screws, brackets, and tacks to make joints quickly and efficiently. But in woodworking, there is a huge option that is complex and useful for joinery. They always emphasize a better appearance after finishing, and it takes lots of time and effort to hide the joining methods. The appearance of joining methods in fine woodworking is always invisible in furniture.

Can you imagine your life without furniture? I think it’s impossible if you are not coming from other planets. The DIY woodworking can save some bucks from buying furniture from the store. In this concept, we are going to make a patio table out of wooden boards for outdoor use. The best part is if you have upcycled materials or a wooden fence, you can also build a patio table for an outdoor summer get-together with family or night dinner with guests or family.

Methods on How to Join Two Pieces of Wood with Screws and Without Screws?


We have lots of wood joinery methods to make strong bonding on a panel together. Today, some of the methods we used for making out patio tables will reveal. However, the following methods will be done properly by using metal fasteners and glues with other tools.

Tools and Materials Required

Wood Edge Joint Using Glue and Screw (Lengthwise)

From the beginning, we make a perfect plan to do this project easily and efficiently. For this purpose, we divided our projects into different categories and steps. Follow the step-by-step method to understand the whole process. Here we will also give other possible ways of doing the same job. However, we have a plan of making 40×20 inches square table for 8 people.

Step-1 Prepare the Wood for Joining is the Primary Stage of Joining Wood

The surface must be smoothened by using sharp knives with proper feed. We wipe out almost 2mm from the surface of oak and also 1 mm from the edge by using a surface planner. Don’t use sandpaper before joining. Here we are going to use 8 inches width and ¾ inches thick boards. Ensure moisture content between 8/12 percent and don’t use wet wood. Now clean the surface of boards and make it dust, oil, grease-free.

Step-2 Arrange Boards for Indicating the Visible Side

After preparing the boards, we arrange 5 boards (8×5=40 inches) to match the grainline for the visible side of the table. Now give arrow signs from the right side of the boards in a minimum of two places on both boards that will join together. Besides, we cut the length of the boards to 40 inches before matching the grain line. The top of the table is natural in appearance because we matched it properly.

Step-3 Layoff the Boards Into Small Wooden Strips

We put three strips of wood across the surface and lay off, 5 boards, into it. However, this step isn’t important because we are using it to protect our surface from seeping out excess glue after giving pressure by clumps. If your board is larger then using more strips is the best practice because it will help to make the straight transformation of boards after gluing if you are still confused then skip this step and keep safe from the bowing effect.

Step-4 Groove the Edge for Screwing

Now we grooved 2 points from the 1-inch distance from the edge. However, we cut grooves from both edges of the middle boards for better strength and join. This structure will give a better result and will be able to carry much load for a long time use.

Step-5 Apply Glue Along the Edge of Boards Evenly

After cleaning the edge, add glue to one board because excess glue may cause a mess. We hold the glue tube gently and apply it steadily to the edge from the left side to the right. After applying the glue, we spread it on the entire surface by using a thin piece of plyboard very quickly.

Step-6 Align All the Boards Into a Clamp and Flush

This step is essential for the lengthwise joining of wooden boards. We align all the boards and flush them into clamps after adequate pressure on each board. We use four clamps to a total of 40 inches in length. Also, we already discussed the bowing effect on your plane. If you don’t care about the proper adjustment of boards in the raw gluing situation, you will get an imperfection board for your projects.

Step-7 Remove Distorted Glue from the Top Surface

We wipe out all the excess glue which comes out for pressure within a putty knife after half an hour. In this situation, you can also use a thin piece of plyboard or sharp metal to scrap out the extra glue from the surface.  If boards are small, cleaning the surface of the board instant with a soft cloth is a better idea. Now leave your boards for hours to dry wooden glue perfectly. In humid conditions, it may take several hours to dry. At this moment, don’t move your boards and wait for the next step.

Step-8 Screw or Nail the Boards

As we are discussing how to join pieces of wood with screws, so we select 1 ½ inch screws. Now flip out the boards after 2 hours and screw the boards using a drill. Don’t insert a screw without making a hole. If the number of panels is high in your projects, you can create a grove and then screw for joining planks. On the other hand, if you have 2 panels, you don’t need extra support by screwing them because the vertical gluing is much stronger than horizontal attachment in the case of a wooden structure.

Step-9 Attach 40 Inches Scrap Wood for Support

We attach 40 inches long, and 2×2 inches of scrap wood for giving extra support vertically.

Step-10 Allow it to Dry for the Whole Night 

After completing the entire task on boards, we leave let it dry overnight. The strength of glue increases over time and doesn’t apply to the next step.

How to join two pieces of wood at a 90-degree angle with and without screws?


In the wood joining, the corner joint is the most complex method ever. You can perform this job differently. If you are determined to learn the methods keep reading this article.

Method-1 Corner Joint by Pocket Holes

Step-2

According to wood thickness set the jig’s depth. In this step, we set the jig’s depth against our wood panels. Here we are using 4×4 inches square legs and ¾ inch box apron. Considering the thickness of the apron panel, we adjust the jig. A quality jig can make your jobs easier because it has developed an alignment guide.

Step-3

Check the drill bit into the jig’s hole and adjust. The drill bit has a collar which is a guideline to control hole depth into the wood panel. You can easily move the collar along the drill bit. Now we loosen the collar from the drill bit using a wrench and insert it into the hole of the jig. When the bit tip touches the surface, we measure 1/8 inch distance between the jig’s body and bit collar and tighten the collar.

Step-4

Clamps the jig into the panel. Now adjust the jig in the marked point of the apron and tight it properly to lock it before this adjustment makes sure the face you are using to drill.

Step-5

Make the pocket holes. Set the bit into the power drill and insert the bit to make a hole into the apron. Make sure the speed of your power drill because if you need a clean finish, you must drill at high speed. Now clean the shavings and make another hole besides.

Step-6

Panel arranges for joining. After making the pocket holes, it’s time to join the apron with the square panel. For this, we apply glue to the joining end and align them to place them in the right position. Now tighten the clumps and make sure the pilot hole is in the right position. The placement of both pieces is important; otherwise, they could flush while joining.

Step-7

Choose and Drill the screw through the pilot hole. This screwing through the pilot hole to join the apron with the wood panel is tricky. If you don’t use the proper screw size, then the effort will be worthless. For this, choose your screw sizes according to the thickness of your objects. Here, we are using a 1 ¼ inch screw for a ¾ inch thick apron.

Now place the screw into the drill tip and insert it through the pilot hole. Now drive slowly until it gets fitted and try the second hole in the same way.

Step-8

Wipe out excess glue disperses from the joining point. After drilling the screw, you must clean up the glue from the surface using a putty knife or a cloth.

Method-2 Corner Joint by Mortise and Tenon

Step-1

 Selecting the piece for mortise and tenon. The most important thing is selecting a wooden piece for making a hole or mortise and grove. You must select an appropriate piece for making a strong join and be ready for the next step

 Step-2

Marking for mortise and tenon. After selecting the pieces, you must measure the position for making the hole and another mark for making it suitable to insert the hole.  Important to realize that in this method, you are going to insert one piece of wood into another piece of wood through a hole. So we suggest that leave an equal distance from both sides.

Step-3

Making square hole and tenon. Now you have an exact measurement. Start creating a hole using a chisel or power tool. Besides, create tenon properly and try to make it a little bit bigger than mortise.

Step-4

Join tenon and mortise. Apply sufficient glue on apron groves and push it to square panel hole and clump it for an hour. You can also insert a dowel to make it stronger.

Final Wrapping


In woodworking, there are always different ways of working the same work. Similarly, in wood joining, you can choose any suitable method for your projects from dozens. All the methods are proven. We enjoy woodworking for varieties of tools and equipment. However, can make a nice and beautiful patio table for outdoor use, and I know it will rock for the next get-together. It’s time to build at your home by following the article on how to join two pieces of wood with screws.

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